Digital Literacy



Welcome to the Information Literacy Toolkit!

Digital Literacy, encompassing essential skills for navigating the digital landscape, and Information Literacy, focusing on effective information use, are critical in today’s information-rich world. This toolkit offers opportunities to explore definitions of Digital Literacy and Information Literacy, explore an Information Literacy Playlist to build your skills, and two ways to test your knowledge. Then check out some curated resources to enhance your skills.

Whether you’re new to digital learning or seeking to refine your abilities, this page is your hub for mastering the essentials of Digital and Information Literacy. Explore, learn, and empower yourself in the digital era!

Digital Literacy and Information Literacy

What is digital literacy?

Scholar Renee Hobbs defines digital literacy as “the constellation of knowledge, skills, and competencies necessary for thriving in a technology-saturated culture.” (Hobbs, 2017). The Centre for Strategic & International Studies offers that digital literacy is “the ability to use digital technologies – both hardware and software – safely and appropriately.” (CSIS, 2022). These are just two of many feasible definitions of digital literacy, and more continue to emerge, as technology and innovation move forward at a breakneck pace.

Some scholars caution against the drive toward a globalized definition, citing concerns that localized definitions of digital literacy are most accurate and useful due to global variations in context, language, and technological infrastructure. (Pangrazio et al., 2020).

As you can see, digital literacy is a layered concept. For the purposes of these materials, let’s agree that digital literacy is the ability to navigate, understand, and utilize digital technologies effectively and responsibly.

Now that we’ve established a definition for digital literacy, let’s take a look at Information Literacy.

Several literacy models separate information literacy into various categories including navigation, selection, and utilization of online information. In 2016, the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL 2016) adopted a framework for Information Literacy that is composed of six concepts:

  1. Authority Is Constructed and Contextual
  2. Information Creation as a Process
  3. Information Has Value
  4. Research as Inquiry
  5. Scholarship as Conversation
  6. Searching as Strategic Exploration

The goal in creating this framework was to standardize evolving literacies of our technological world that go beyond the fundamental literacies of the pre-Internet world. In other words, the Internet has its own rules and requires a unique set of skills to navigate and utilize it successfully.

Digital literacy and information literacy are sometimes used interchangeably, but digital literacy is a more overarching term that applies to a broad variety of technological innovations, including hardware and software. Information literacy is specifically directed toward material found on the Internet such as articles, blog posts, images, and social media feeds. To be information literate is to have the ability to research and use information that is reliable, relevant, and safe.

This Information Literacy toolkit provides resources to help you build your skills in gathering useful data to synthesize and create compelling learning experiences for your children that supplement their institutional learning. While it can be used by anyone, this toolkit is designed with parents in mind: homeschooling parents, expatriate parents, and any other parents who want to create educational content for their children.

A Quick Preview

Information Literacy Playlist

The four videos below represent an introduction to Information Literacy. They include videos on digital literacy, information literacy, media literacy, and search engine skills. Watch this playlist, take notes, and then scroll down to check your knowledge.

Develop Information Literacy

4 Videos

Check Your Knowledge

First, read the front of each card below, and write down your answer.

Then, hover other each card to see if you were correct!

True or False?

An example of digital literacy is evaluating an online article about child development.


Good job! This is an important critical assessment of information in the digital landscape.

True or False?

Information literacy cannot help you find reliable, relevant information.


Information literacy includes using skills that help you find reliable, relevant informaiton.

True or False?

There are specific terms you can use in your Google searches to receive more accurate results.


Operators such as "+" "and" "or" can help you search the Internet more efficiently.

True or False?

Information literacy is a set of skills needed to ignore biases in articles and other information sources.


Information literacy includes the ability to identify biases in online materials.

How did you do? Don’t worry if the information isn’t “sticking” yet. Learning is not a linear process, so feel free to go back and review the Information Literacy playlist and take check your knowledge again.

Information Literacy Resources

Use this checklist to practice information literacy.

Use these links to learn more about information literacy.

Integrating Library Resources into Elearning Webpage: Hyperlink to Western Michigan University Libraries (WMICH, 2023)

Information Literacy Infographic: Hyperlink to B Combes Information Literacy Infographic (Combes, 2016)

Quiz Visual

Information Literacy Quiz

Now that you’ve explored different types of resources, it’s time to show your knowledge. Take the quiz below to confirm that you are Information Literate!


Association of College and Research Libraries (2016, January 11). Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education. American Library Association.

Center for Strategic & International Studies. (2022, July 18). The Digital Learning Imperative. 

Hobbs, R. (2017). Create to learn: Introduction to digital literacy. Wiley Blackwell. (Available in SUNY Potsdam Library)

Pangrazio, L., Godhe, A. L., & González López Ledesma, A. (2020). What is digital literacy? A comparative review of publications across three language contexts. Sage, 17(6), 442-459.

Western Michigan University (2023, April 6). Integrating Library Resources into Elearning. Western Michigan University Libraries.

Combes, B. (2016). Information literacy.  [Infographic].


How did you do? Don’t worry if the information isn’t “sticking” yet. Learning is not a linear process, so feel free to go back and review the Information Literacy playlist and take check your knowledge again. You can also reach out through the contact form below and ask me any questions you have.

Contact Me

Moving Forward

If you feel good about your Information Literacy, click the button on the RIGHT to more on and begin creating learning experiences for your child. If you’d like to check back in with the learning menu, click the button on the LEFT.